mania

mania 1 *insanity, lunacy, psychosis, dementia
Analogous words: alienation, derangement, *aberration
Antonyms: lucidity
2 Mania, delirium, frenzy, hysteria are comparable when they mean a state of mind in which there is loss of control over emotional, nervous, or mental processes.
Mania (see also INSANITY) definitely implies madness or insanity; the term may designate a type of madness in which the patient manifests extreme excitability or, more precisely, the phase of manic-depressive insanity in which the patient loses control over his powers of thought, of speech, and of movement through violent excitement or excessive emotion
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[George III] suffered a third attack of maniaWilliam Hunt

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Delirium implies extreme mental disturbance that may be associated with or induced by toxic factors (as of disease or drugs) or occur episodically in a prolonged mental disorder and that is characterized by raving, hallucinations, delusions, and extreme restlessness
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a raging fever accompanied with deliriumDickens

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by pain reduced to a state approaching delirium

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But delirium also, in nontechnical use, applies to a state of intense emotional excitement that manifests itself in an individual or in a group and robs him or them of self-control
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in a delirium of joy

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the delirium of popular enthusiasm— Lecky

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Frenzy (see also INSPIRATION) suggests wilder or more violent agitation or disorder than delirium but no less emotional excitement; it is applicable both to a state bordering on a mania
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an act done in the . . . frenzy of despair— Freeman

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and to one in which for the time being all self-control is lost
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his hands released her . . . and went up to his white hair, which they tore in a frenzyDickens

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her intensity, which would leave no emotion on a normal plane, irritated the youth into a frenzy—D. H. Lawrence

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Hysteria applies strictly to a psychoneurosis simulating organic disease and manifesting such symptoms as disturbance of sensation, motion, and visceral functions expressed typically in functional paralysis, nausea, and emotional excitability
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a structurally normal arm paralyzed by hysteria

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In ordinary nontechnical language hysteria implies extreme emotional instability that may show itself in swift transitions of mood or from laughing to crying
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she laughed and cried together ... in a hysteria which she could not control— Bennett

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they were gradually worked up to complaisance and then to enthusiasm and then to hysteria and then to acute mania— Mencken

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Analogous words: depression, dejection, melancholia, melancholy (see SADNESS): *ecstasy, transport: excitement, provocation (see corresponding verbs at PROVOKE)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

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  • Mania D — Sept 1979 Berlin Super 8 Background information Mania D was a Berliner New Wave underground band at the end of the seventies, beginning of the eighties. They had been part of the Gen …   Wikipedia

  • Mania — gilt in der römischen Mythologie als eine Göttin. Ein Kult ist nicht belegt und die wenigen überlieferten Inschriften sind umstritten. Nach Georg Wissowa[1] ist eine Göttin Mania das Konstrukt antiker Gelehrter, darunter Marcus Terentius… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mânia — MÂNIÁ, mấnii, vb. I. refl. A se lăsa ori a fi cuprins de mânie (1), a se supăra foarte tare, a şi ieşi din fire, a se înfuria. ♢ tranz. Cele auzite l au mâniat. [pr.: ni a ] – Din mânie. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  A se… …   Dicționar Român

  • manía — sustantivo femenino 1. Área: psiquiatría Trastorno mental caracterizado por la obsesión por una idea fija. 2. Idea o costumbre fija y a veces obsesiva: Tengo la manía de morderme las uñas. 3. Afición o deseo exagerado por una cosa: Ahora le ha… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • manía — f. neurol. Alteración del estado de ánimo que se caracteriza por euforia, trastornos del sueño y de las funciones fisiológicas, hiperactividad y aceleración de los procesos psíquicos. Se observa en la psicosis maníacodepresiva, aunque también… …   Diccionario médico

  • mania — [mā′nē ə, mān′yə] n. [ME < LL < Gr, madness < mainesthai, to rage < IE base * men , to think, be mentally excited > MIND] 1. wild or violent mental disorder; specif., the manic phase of bipolar affective disorder, characterized… …   English World dictionary

  • Mania — Ma ni*a, n. [L. mania, Gr. ?, fr. ? to rage; cf. OE. manie, F. manie. Cf. {Mind}, n., Necromancy.] 1. Violent derangement of mind; madness; insanity. Cf. {Delirium}. [1913 Webster] 2. Excessive or unreasonable desire; insane passion affecting one …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mania — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 7}}[wym. mańja] {{/stl 7}}{{stl 8}}rz. ż IIb, lm D. manianii {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} bardzo silny, trudny do opanowania pociąg do jakichś rzeczy lub czynności; upodobanie, pasja : {{/stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • manía — (Del lat. manĭa, y este del gr. μανία). 1. f. Especie de locura, caracterizada por delirio general, agitación y tendencia al furor. 2. Extravagancia, preocupación caprichosa por un tema o cosa determinada. 3. Afecto o deseo desordenado. Tiene… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Mania — MANIA, æ, war nach einigen die Mutter, nach andern aber die Großmutter der Manen, Fest. l. XI. p. 223. und sonst einerley mit der Lara oder Larunda. Nat. Com. l. IV. c. 4. Ihr wurden ehemals selbst Menschen, und zwar insonderheit Knaben für die… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

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